presentation at Adult Forum by Andrea Wilson March 20, 2011
Human Trafficking: Worldwide Problem, Unique Context
Congregation at Duke Chapel Adult Forum
March 20, 2011
- Overview of Human Trafficking
- Case Study: Thailand
- North Carolina
- Judges 19-20
- Action Steps
Human Trafficking Overview
- 27 million slaves today 
- 600,000 - 800,000 people are trafficked across
international borders each year 
- 79% of trafficking is for sexual exploitation 
- 80% of victims are female 
Contributing Factors of Human Trafficking
- Discrimination and Gender Roles
Denying Citizenship: Thailand
Tourism Promotion: Thailand
photo by Andrea Wilson
- Prostitution is illegal
- Economic disincentive to enforce laws
Cultural Norms: Thailand
photo by Duncan Wilson
- mia noi
- Male use of prostitution
Vulnerable Hill Tribe Girls
- Girls are responsible to provide for their parents and siblings
- According to UNHCR, in 1994 ~ 70% of girls eleven years old and up worked in the sex industry 
- Often sold by poverty-stricken parents
- Shaniya Davis
- Ranks 8th most likely state in the US for human trafficking to take place
- Interstate highways, agriculture and tourism all contribute to increased likelihood
Judges 19 - 20
- Consider It
- Take Counsel
- Speak Out 
Things You Can Do
- Books to read:
- Half The Sky, Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn
- A Crime so Monstrous, E. Benjamin Skinner
- Lifestyle Choices:
- Chain Store Reaction http://www.chainstorereaction.com/
- Ministries to Support:
- International Justice Mission
- Home of New Beginnings (Thailand)
- Shared Hope International
- NC Stop Human Trafficking http://ncstophumantrafficking.wordpress.com/
- Carolina Women’s Center http://humantrafficking.unc.edu
- Free the Slaves. “What’s the Story: Modern Slavery.” [updated 15 March 2011; cited 15 March 2011]. Available from: http://www.freetheslaves.net/Page.aspx?pid=375.
- United States Department of State: Office to Combat and Monitor Trafficking in Persons. “Trafficking in Persons Report, 2006.” [updated 5 June 2006, accessed 15 March 2010]. Available from: http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2006/
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. “Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.” [updated February 2009; cited 12 March 2010]. Available from: http://www.unodc.org/documents/Global_Report_on_TIP.pdf.
- Shorris, Anthony. “Preface.” In Marshaling Every Resource: State and Local Responses to Human Trafficking. ed. Dessi Dimitrova, 1-2. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Hobbes, Necia. “Thailand: Legal Obstacles to Citizenship for Indigenous Groups.” The Jurist Legal News and Research. [updated 31 January 2009; cited 13 March 2010]. Available from: http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/dateline/2009/01/thailand-indigenous-population-faces.php.
- Calderbank, Daniel. “Plight of the Hill Tribes.” The Bangkok Post. [updated 12 August 2008; cited 13 April 2010]. Available from: http://www.bangkokpost.com/120808_Learningpost/12Aug2008_lern03.php.
- Nagle, Garrett. Focus on Geography: Tourism, Leisure and Recreation. London: Nelson Thornes, 1999.
- Martin, Lorna. “Paradise Revealed.” Taipei Times. [updated 25 January 2006; cited 20 October 2010]. Available from: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2006/01/25/2003290710.
- United Nations Refugee Agency. “Chronology for Northern Hill Tribes in Thailand.” Minorities at Risk. 2004. [updated 19 April 2010, accessed 20 October 2010]. Available from: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/type,CHRON,,THA,469f38e8c,0.html.
- Rocke, Kris. Geography of Grace. Available from: http://geographyofgrace.com/