Congregation at Duke Chapel

Human Trafficking: Worldwide Problem, Unique Context

presentation at Adult Forum by Andrea Wilson March 20, 2011
graphic
stripe

Human Trafficking: Worldwide Problem, Unique Context

Andrea Wilson
Congregation at Duke Chapel Adult Forum
March 20, 2011
stripe

Agenda

  1. Overview of Human Trafficking
  2. Case Study: Thailand
  3. North Carolina
  4. Judges 19-20
  5. Action Steps
stripe

Human Trafficking Overview

human trafficking is modern-day slavery
  • 27 million slaves today [1]
  • 600,000 - 800,000 people are trafficked across
    international borders each year [2]
  • 79% of trafficking is for sexual exploitation [3]
  • 80% of victims are female [4]
stripe

Contributing Factors of Human Trafficking

  • Poverty
  • Discrimination and Gender Roles
  • Globalization
stripe

Denying Citizenship: Thailand

6 people in tribal attire
  • Nationality Act of 1965
  • Hill tribes excluded from 1956 census [5]
  • 3 million stateless people [6]
stripe

Tourism Promotion: Thailand

neon lights
photo by Andrea Wilson
  • Prostitution is illegal
  • Economic disincentive to enforce laws
    • 250,000 sex tourists per year [7]
    • 10% of tourism income [8]
stripe

Cultural Norms: Thailand

clothing rack
photo by Duncan Wilson
  • mia noi
  • Male use of prostitution
stripe

Vulnerable Hill Tribe Girls

  • Girls are responsible to provide for their parents and siblings
  • According to UNHCR, in 1994 ~ 70% of girls eleven years old and up worked in the sex industry [9]
  • Often sold by poverty-stricken parents
stripe

North Carolina

NC flag
  • Shaniya Davis
  • Ranks 8th most likely state in the US for human trafficking to take place
  • Interstate highways, agriculture and tourism all contribute to increased likelihood
stripe

Judges 19 - 20

reading a book
  • Consider It
  • Take Counsel
  • Speak Out [10]
stripe

Things You Can Do

  • Books to read:
    • Half The Sky, Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn
    • A Crime so Monstrous, E. Benjamin Skinner
  • Lifestyle Choices:
  • Ministries to Support:
    • International Justice Mission
    • Home of New Beginnings (Thailand)
    • Shared Hope International
stripe

NC Resources

stripe

THANK YOU

stripe

References

  1. Free the Slaves. “What’s the Story: Modern Slavery.” [updated 15 March 2011; cited 15 March 2011]. Available from: http://www.freetheslaves.net/Page.aspx?pid=375.
  2. United States Department of State: Office to Combat and Monitor Trafficking in Persons. “Trafficking in Persons Report, 2006.” [updated 5 June 2006, accessed 15 March 2010]. Available from: http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2006/
  3. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. “Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.” [updated February 2009; cited 12 March 2010]. Available from: http://www.unodc.org/documents/Global_Report_on_TIP.pdf.
  4. Shorris, Anthony. “Preface.” In Marshaling Every Resource: State and Local Responses to Human Trafficking. ed. Dessi Dimitrova, 1-2. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  5. Hobbes, Necia. “Thailand: Legal Obstacles to Citizenship for Indigenous Groups.” The Jurist Legal News and Research. [updated 31 January 2009; cited 13 March 2010]. Available from: http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/dateline/2009/01/thailand-indigenous-population-faces.php.
  6. Calderbank, Daniel. “Plight of the Hill Tribes.” The Bangkok Post. [updated 12 August 2008; cited 13 April 2010]. Available from: http://www.bangkokpost.com/120808_Learningpost/12Aug2008_lern03.php.
  7. Nagle, Garrett. Focus on Geography: Tourism, Leisure and Recreation. London: Nelson Thornes, 1999.
  8. Martin, Lorna. “Paradise Revealed.” Taipei Times. [updated 25 January 2006; cited 20 October 2010]. Available from: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2006/01/25/2003290710.
  9. United Nations Refugee Agency. “Chronology for Northern Hill Tribes in Thailand.” Minorities at Risk. 2004. [updated 19 April 2010, accessed 20 October 2010]. Available from: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/type,CHRON,,THA,469f38e8c,0.html.
  10. Rocke, Kris. Geography of Grace. Available from: http://geographyofgrace.com/